Culture and Individual Creation
CIVILIZATION may have common characteristics in all countries, but culture has its own national characteristics. Civilization means a life of mechanical convenience, but culture means inner expression. Civilization may easily create others, but culture must be the creation of the individual. The modern age thinks of civilization and culture as being identical. So, as civilization advances, Japanese culture is being forgotten. The Japanese have recently forgotten the glory of their own possessions, and have sought those from abroad. Taught by foreigners, we have suddenly come to value the "Ukiyoe" (i. e. wood-block prints). Or taught that there is philosophy in Buddhism, we have begun a westernized study of Buddhism. If we become conscious of the value of our own possessions only when we are taught by others, are we not laying aside our own noble spirit of Japanese culture and becoming thoughtless slaves?